Lameness in Horses

image of a horse.

Horse lameness is a condition that occurs when a horse is unable to move normally. While the majority of horse lameness is related to the foot, this condition may be caused by problems in a horse’s bones, muscles, nerves, tendons or ligaments. Repetitive injuries, infection, poor nutrition, tooth problems, and founder (also known as laminitis) are the primary causes for horse lameness. It may occur gradually over time or suddenly with little warning. In some cases, lameness may resolve itself; however, veterinary intervention is often required to proactively treat this condition and prevent additional health problems.

Lameness is the most common cause of poor performance in sport horses. Diseases or injuries to the musculoskeletal system are a major cause for poor athletic performance. The age, breed and gender of a horse are also important. Certain causes for lameness are more likely to affect certain breeds and ages of horses. Past medical history is also important in a lameness evaluation.

An equine veterinarian is trained to diagnose and evaluate lameness in a horse. The more severely lame a horse is, the more noticeable this lameness will be in the horse’s walk. A horse will be evaluated at a trot (jog), which is the optimal gait for detecting lameness. A horse will be observed from both the front and the back while the horse is moving to detect lameness.

A veterinarian will evaluate the following:
• Amount of weight bearing
• Length of stride
• Flight and landing of feet
• Carriage of the head and neck

The American Association of Equine Practitioners rates horses on the following scale for lameness:
• 0: Not detectable under any circumstances
• 1: Difficult to observe and not consistently apparent
• 2: Difficult to observe at a walk or when trotting in a straight line, but noticeable under certain circumstances (e.g., circling, inclines, weight carrying)
• 3: Consistently observable at a trot under all circumstances.

Once a horse is diagnosed with lameness, the most effective treatment options are those that directly target the underlying cause for lameness. In general, this means reducing exercise and the weight of the horse. Medications for horse lameness are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications that fight pain and improve joint mobility. Some injectable medications are also available to protect joint cartilage and support normal joint fluid. Hoof supplements that contain biotin, zinc, copper, complete proteins, and Omega 3 fatty acids may also be beneficial, depending on the cause for lameness.

Source:
Moore, Rustin M. DVM, PhD, DACVS; Burba, Daniel J., DVM, DACVS. “Musculoskeletal Causes of Lameness and Poor Performance in Horses.” Louisiana State University, School of Veterinary Medicine.

Location

Find us on the map

Office Hours

*1st and 3rd Saturday of month

Monday:

7:30 am - 5:30 pm

Tuesday:

2:00 pm - 7:30 pm

Wednesday:

7:30 am - 5:30 pm

Thursday:

7:30 am - 5:30 pm

Friday:

7:30 am - 5:30 pm

Saturday:

8:30 am* - 12:00 pm*

Sunday:

Closed

Testimonials

Read What Our Clients Say

  • "The staff was very nice and gentle with my baby. They figured out what the problem was quickly and immediately offered suggested medication and treatment to help. I never felt obligated it pushed to so anything. It was an overall comfortable and welcoming environment. I will be continuing my Pupup's care at the Downtown Greensboro Animal Hospital."
    - Desarae Jiron
  • "Dr. Wehe has been my vet for 8 years. He is as compassionate as he is capable. 5 Stars in both areas!!!! The best vet in Greensboro by far!!!!!"
    - Patti Jessup
  • "I have said this before and I will say it again I LOVE my vet! Dr. Wehe and his staff are always excellent and so caring! They go out of their way to help and have always given my animals top-notch care."
    - Christina Calabria